Nos séminaires avec cadence mensuelle ont lieu les jeudis en début d'après-midi, ou exceptionnellement dans d'autres jours/horaire pour les professeurs et chercheurs invités.
Les séminaires sont organisés par Stefano Berti email@example.com , responsable pour la mécanique des fluides, et par Toufik Kanit firstname.lastname@example.org , responsable pour la mécanique des solides.
- jeudi 11 juin
Ha-Minh (ENS Cachan)
- jeudi 14 mai
Alice Jaccod (IJLRA, Sorbonne Univ., Paris)
- jeudi 9 avril, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 13h
Q. H. Pham (UML, U.Lille)
- jeudi 19 mars, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 13h
Francesco Romano’ (LMFL - Kampé de Fériet, Ensam, Lille)
- mardi 3 mars 2020, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 13h
Rossana Tazzioli (U. Lille, Lab. P. Painlevé)
Levi-Civita's contribution to hydrodynamics and its reception in France [abstract]
Tullio Levi-Civita (1871-1943) gave remarkable contributions to various mathematical fields, such as general relativity, the three-body problem, differential geometry, and hydrodynamics. Henri Villat and other French mathematicians assimilated Levi-Civita's works on hydrodynamics and took inspiration from them, especially from those concerning the wake hypothesis and the wave theory. This talk aimes at giving an image of Levi-Civita's work on hydrodynamics and of its reception in France, by using in particular the correspondence between Levi-Civita and Henri Villat contained in the Fondo Levi-Civita (Accademia dei Lincei, Rome) and in the Dossier Villat (Académie des Sciences, Paris).
- jeudi 13 février, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 13h
Frédéric Roger & Lahcen Khouchaf (UML, IMT Lille-Douai)
Multiphysics and multiscale experimental analyses and simulations [abstract]
In the engineering sciences, analyse or transform the solid heterogeneous material often calls gas–solid interactions. Numerical simulation combined with imagery allows an exploration of heterogeneous materials and dynamically with observations of its behavior in its future environment. To understand these complex interactions and improve either the image quality or the process efficiency, numerical and experimental multiphysics and multiscale approach can be combined.
- jeudi 30 janvier 2020, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 13h
Yongxiang Huang (State Key Lab of Marine Environmental Science, College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, China)
Intermittency and cascade in two-dimensional bacterial turbulence [abstract]
The active interaction between the bacteria and flow fluid (e.g., water) generates coherent flow pattern more than 10 times larger than their body size even at nearly zero Reynolds number. This fascinating phenomenon can be understood in the framework of turbulence, where the kinetic energy is injected into the system via a size of bacterial body length R, e.g., few μm, and is transferred to large scales. This dynamical procedure is recognized as an inverse energy cascade. In this talk, an experimental velocity field of the bacterial turbulence is quantitatively analyzed via two relative novel methodologies, which are the Hilbert-Huang transform and the streamline segment analysis. The former method is free with high-order harmonics in a joint physics-wavenumber domain, while the latter one is coordinate-free in the physical domain. For the Hilbert-based approach, a dual-power- law is observed respectively in the range 0.15 ≤ kR ≤ 0.5 and 0.03 ≤ kR ≤ 0.075, where k is the wavenumber. The corresponding intermittency parameter μ provided by the lognormal model, e.g., ζ(q) = qh – μ/2 (q2h2 − qh), is found to be μS= 0.26 and μL = 0.17. For the latter streamline-based method, the power-law behavior is observed in the range 2 ≤ r/R ≤ 10, which agrees with the observation of the Hilbert approach. The experimental intermittency parameter is found to be μ = 0.2, which is comparable with the one μS provided by the Hilbert method. This intermittency parameter μ is coincidentally in agreement with the three-dimensional hydrodynamic turbulence result, e.g., 0.2 ≤ μ ≤ 0.4, suggesting that the two-dimensional mesoscale bacterial turbulence and three-dimensional fluid turbulence may share universal intermittent feature. Moreover, a scale-to- scale energy flux is examined via the filter-space technique. An inverse energy cascade is evident. Finally, the lognormal model is justified by verifying the lognormal distribution assumption of the coarse-grained energy dissipation rate, suggesting that the intermittency correction is originated from the strong variation of the energy dissipation field.
- jeudi 23 janvier 2020, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 13h
J. John Soundar Jerome (LMFA, Lyon)
Non-modal stability analysis of wall-bounded parallel shear flows with/without heat addition [abstract]
In this talk, I shall present, some of the major results from my, almost a decade-old, investigations on the effect of an adverse temperature gradient on the transient growth phenomenon in plane Poiseuille flow and plane Couette flow. I wiill show that the largest transient growth is always attained for streamwise-uniform perturbations which produce large streamwise streaks and Rayleigh-Bénard convection rolls (RB). The short-time response is governed by the inviscid lift-up mechanism and that the influence of Rayleigh number on this mechanism is secondary and negligible. The optimal input for the largest long-time response is given by the adjoint of the dominant eigenmode with respect to the energy scalar product: the RB eigenmode without its streamwise velocity component.
In addition, I shall try to talk about some consequences of the well-known Squire transformation on the algebraic growth in linear stability analysis. Finally, I will also point out the possibility of a novel algebraic growth mechanism in such flows in the presence of internal viscous dissipation.
vendredi 29 novembre 2019, Amphi Lebon - Polytech'Lille à 10h30
Hamza Lamnii - Soutenance de thèse / PhD defence Effets du vieillissement ultraviolet sur le comportement des polymères semi-cristallins en chargement cyclique et monotone : expérimentation et modélisation [abstract]
vendredi 22 novembre 2019, Bât. Esprit – Salle Atrium à 14h
Dario Oliveira Canossi - Soutenance de thèse / PhD defence Numerical simulation of the transition to elastic turbulence in viscoelastic inertialess flows [abstract]
- jeudi 14 novembre, salle Agorà 1 au bâtiment Esprit à 13h
Stefano Musacchio (Department of Physics, University of Torino, Italy)
The periodic Kolmogorov flow: a virtual channel [PDF]
The Kolmogorov flow provides an ideal instance of a virtual channel flow: It has no boundaries, but it possesses well-defined mean flow in each half wavelength. In this talk, I will discuss how this remarkable feature can be exploited for the purpose of investigating the interplay between the mean flow and the turbulent drag of the bulk flow. I will review the results of numerical simulations at increasing Reynolds number, which show the dependence of the bulk turbulent drag on the amplitude of the mean flow. Further, I will present a detailed analysis of the scale-by-scale energy balance, which describes how kinetic energy is redistributed among different regions of the flow while being transported toward small dissipative scales. I will also briefly review how the Kolmogorov flow has been used to investigate numerically the phenomena of drag reduction and elastic turbulence induced by the presence of polymer additives, and the turbophoresis of inertial particles
- jeudi 10 octobre, salle D'arsonval à Polytech à 13h
Fouad Erchiqui (Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscaminque (UQAT), Canada)
Hybrid enthalpy method for Finite Element Thermal Analysis of Anisotropic Multi-materials involving Multi-orientations of the thermal conductivity tensor [PDF]
The anisotropic problem of thermal conduction in a incompressible solid is generally treated in a reference coordinate system, which adequately describes its thermal conductivity tensor (Cartesian, cylindrical or spherical). For this problem, numerical treatment is delicate, especially if the thermophysical properties are non-linear or if the anisotropic medium undergoes a phase change. In this presentation, we propose an new approach using only one reference system (for example the Cartesian) to treat the anisotropic thermal conduction of problems for which the multi-material solid is characterized by a set of tensors of thermal conductivity of different natures (Cartesian and/or cylindrical and/or spherical), with or without phase change. The nonlinear heat conduction problem involving phase changes is solved using hybrid three-dimensional volumetric specific enthalpy based on finite-element analysis. The proposed approach is validated with recent analytical testing for two anisotropic media (cylinder and spherical with convective transfer with variable circumference) and with two experimental tests related to the heating of frozen woods. An example on the characterization of the phytosanitary treatment time of wood by microwaves, in accordance with FAO International Standard No.15, will be presented.
- lundi 7 octobre à 14h, Bat. M6
Yoann Réquilé - Soutenance de thèse / PhD defence Effets de la dissipation visqueuse sur la convection des écoulements de Rayleigh-Bénard- Poiseuille/Couette de fluides Newtoniens ou viscoélastiques [résumé / abstract]
- jeudi 20 juin
Christian Kamdem - Soutenance de thèse / PhD defence Caractérisation et la modélisation du comportement mécanique des structures tissées aux températures cryogéniques
- jeudi 23 mai
Anke Lindner (PMMH-ESPCI, Paris)
Elastic flow instabilities in microfluidic serpentine channels [PDF]
We discuss the onset of a purely elastic flow instability in serpentine channels, using a combined experimental, numerical and theoretical investigation. Good qualitative agreement is obtained between experiments, using dilute solutions of flexible polymers in microfluidic devices, and three-dimensional numerical simulations using the upper-convected Maxwell model  The results are confirmed by a simple theoretical analysis, based on the dimensionless criterion proposed by Pakdel & McKinley (PRL, 1996). We then determine the influence of fluid shear thinning on the onset of such purely-elastic flow instabilities and observe that shear thinning has a stabilizing effect on the microfluidic flow . Three-dimensional numerical simulations performed using the White–Metzner model predict similar trends, which are not captured by a simple scaling analysis using the Pakdel–McKinley criterion. The good understanding of the onset of elastic instabilities can also be used to determine relaxation times of unknown solutions and we describe a microfluidic rheometer using a serpentine flow channel . In addition, we investigate the structure and magnitude of secondary flows, present in flows of visco-elastic fluids in curved geometries [3,5].
- jeudi 16 mai
Alexis Duchesne (IEMN, U. Lille)
Playing with free surface flows : Leidenfrost drops on a liquid pool and The birth of the hydraulic jump [PDF]
In this talk, I would like to address two different subjects related to free surface flow:
- Leidenfrost drops on a liquid pool
We will discuss the case of drops in levitation (so-called Leidenfrost effect) on a heated liquid pool. Particularly we will see that a volatile liquid drop placed on the surface of a non-volatile liquid pool reaches the Leidenfrost state as soon as the liquid of the pool is just hotter than the drop boiling point, with no apparent Leidenfrost threshold. We will also discuss the flow induced by the drop in the pool.
- Birth of a Hydraulic jump
The hydraulic jump, i.e., the sharp transition between a supercritical and a subcritical free-surface flow, has been extensively studied. However, an important question has been left unanswered: How does a hydraulic jump form? We present here an experimental and theoretical study of the formation of stationary hydraulic jumps in centimeter-sized channels.
- mardi 23 avril, au bat. M6 à 13h
Azma Putra (Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka)
Towards Eco-Friendly Acoustic Absorbers [PDF]
The acoustic absorber has been widely known for its applications for noise control in industries as well as for improving acoustic quality in buildings. Sound absorption materials were first substituted by synthetic fibers in the 1970s due to public health concerns on the original asbestos-based material, which is harmful to human health. Until recent years, when global warming has became an alarming issue, studies were conducted to investigate the utilisation of sound absorber materials. According to the study on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) on a range of synthetic and natural absorber materials, it is found that the production of synthetic materials requires more energy and thus provide greater global warming potential. In contrast, natural plant-based material contributed less carbon footprint.
The talk will present the research progress on the eco-friendly natural materials as acoustic materials. The materials include the natural wasted fibres and non-fibrous type materials such as hollow structures as well as micro-perforated panels. The general theoretical foundation will be presented and important findings on the absorption performance of the materials will be discussed. It will be shown that the performance of the ‘new’ eco-friendly absorber is comparable with that of the synthetic materials.
jeudi 4 avril, au bat. M6 à 13h
Karim Kandil (UML, U. Lille)
A chemo-viscoelastic finite element model for intervertebral disc [PDF]
Back pain is a common health problem affecting about 80% of humans. It is often related to the intervertebral discs (IVD) injuries and dysfunctions. The IVD tissue exhibits a complex anisotropic heterogeneous osmo-inelastic behavior described by rate dependency and hysteresis during cyclic loading. A healthy well-hydrated state of the IVD is ensured by the osmotic effect resulting from the bio-chemical interaction between the disc tissue and the surrounding environment. Towards a better understanding of the IVD behavior, a chemo-viscoelastic finite element model based on the microstructure of the soft tissue is developed in order to reproduce the intrinsic response of the IVD under different mechanical and chemical conditions. The model is applied to specimens extracted from different disc locations as well as entire functional units. The chemo-mechanical response of the disc soft tissue in terms of free swelling, stress-strain curves and transversal strains is replicated by the model and the results are compared with experimental tests.
- jeudi 21 mars, au bat. M6 à 13h
Vojtech Patocka (DLR German Aerospace Centre, Berlin, Germany)
Viscoelastic mantle convection [PDF]
Present thermochemical convection models of planetary evolution often assume a purely viscous or viscoplastic rheology. Ignoring elasticity in the cold, outer boundary layer is, however, questionable since elastic effects may play an important role there and affect surface topography as well as the stress distribution within the stiff cold lithosphere. We present a modelling study focused on the combined effects of Maxwell viscoelastic rheology and a free surface in the stagnant lid planetary convection. We perform thermal convection models of the cooling planetary mantles and demonstrate that while the global characteristics of the mantle flow do not change significantly when including viscoelasticity, the stress state of the cold lithosphere may be substantially different. Transient cooling of an initially thin upper thermal boundary layer results in a complex layered stress structure due to the memory effects of viscoelastic rheology. The stress state of the lid may thus contain a record of the planetary thermal evolution.
- vendredi 15 février , au bat. M6 à 14h
Himani Garg - Soutenance de thèse / PhD defence Particle laden inhomogeneous elastic turbulence
- jeudi 29 novembre, au bat. M6 à 13h
Alexei Sentchev (Université du Littoral - Côte d'Opale, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et de Géosciences, UMR 8187-LOG)
Assessing coastal ocean dynamics by using modeling and remote sensing: Application in La Manche
Recent research activities conducted in LOG in the field of coastal ocean circulation assessment will be presented. Two approaches are used for understanding the major features of coastal water dynamics and its variability at different space/time scales: modeling and remote sensing. Examples of high resolution modeling in La Manche will be used to illustrate some practical applications in the domain of coastal water resource management. More recent work is focused on the assessment of tidal energy resource in La Manche and off the western Brittany coast (Iroise Sea) by using the remote sensing of coastal currents and modeling. A method of improving the results of modeling by merging the model and the underway velocity measurements will be presented. It allows to considerably decrease the discrepancy between the modeled and observed velocities at a highly energetic site in Normandy – Raz Blanchard. Possibilities of joint research could be also discussed.
- jeudi 25 octobre, au bat. M6 à 13h
Nader Ben-Cheikh (University of Tunis El-Menar, Tunisia)
A Multigrid Technic adapted to Large Eddy Simulation and Convection-Radiation of Incompressible Fluids
A finite-volume method is used to discretize the Navier–Stokes and energy equations. The advective terms are discretized by way of a QUICK third-order scheme in the momentum equation and a second order central differencing one in the energy equation. The discretized momentum and energy equations are solved using the red and black successive over relaxation method RBSOR, while the Poisson pressure correction equation is solved using a full multigrid method.The numerical method is first applied to the study of turbulent incompressible flows in lid driven cubical cavities using Large Eddy Simulation and two sub-grid scale models, i.e., the WALE (Wall Adapting Local Eddy-viscosity) model and the corresponding dynamic sub-grid model (DSGS).In a second step, a numerical tool for coupling natural convection in cavities with surface radiation and computations are presented for an air-filled square cavity whose four walls have the same emissivity.
- jeudi 18 octobre, au bat. M6 à 13h
Leonardo Santos de Brito Alves (Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Linear and nonlinear stability analyses to detect unsteady disturbance growth in Darcy-Bénard mixed convection under the influence of viscous dissipation [PDF]
The present work investigates the linear and nonlinear disturbance growth in time induced by viscous dissipation and external heating from below in a porous media flow. In order to do so, we employed linear and local stability analysis as well as nonlinear analysis, by means of a direct numerical simulation of the governing equations. Linear stability analysis consists in decomposing all variables of the problem in two parts: a steady state, around which the stability is analyzed, and infinitesimal disturbances. Furthermore, two different linear stability analyzes are employed here: modal and non-modal. Matrix forming using the Generalized Integral Transform Technique is used to generate the generalized eigenvalue problem whereas the fully nonlinear problem is solved using high-order finite differences. The non-modal analysis reveals that viscous dissipation makes the linear operator non-normal, but transient energy growth is small, which means non-monotonicity is weak. Hence, an asymptotic behavior in time is assumed to dominate and a modal analysis is performed to evaluate absolute stability. Viscous dissipation introduces new modes that compete to trigger transition from convective to absolute instability. A nonlinear analysis is then performed in order to validate and better understand the linear results. Since both modal and non-modal linear analyses are dominated by transverse modes, a 2D DNS is used. The transition from stable to convectively unstable is in agreement between the two approaches, but the transition from convective to absolute instability only agrees when viscous dissipation effects are weak, i.e. low velocities and low viscosity. When these effects become important, the results from linear analysis are no longer recovered. In this scenario, transition to absolute instability takes place in subcritical conditions, where a nonlinear group velocity is observed. In other words, the flow transitions from linearly convectively unstable to nonlinearly absolutely unstable.
jeudi 4 octobre, 13h-14h , bâtiment M6
Youssef Hammi (Mississippi State University, USA)
Fatigue Modeling of a Powder Metallurgy Main Bearing Cap
Developing the ability to predict density distribution, monotonic plasticity, damage and the cyclic damage progression is imperative for the design of Powder Metallurgy (PM) components that will experience overloads during in-service life due to impacts, rough ground, and crash environments. In this paper, mathematical-based models for PM manufacturing process are developed, validated and implemented in user material subroutines Vumat and Umat to model the compaction and sintering processes. The material history is initially captured and carried throughout the compaction and sintering processes in order to predict the density distribution. Knowing the density distribution, mechanical properties are mapped in the PM sintered part using tension, compression, and torsion mechanical tests performed on samples at different densities, temperatures and strain rates. A finite element analysis of an experimental fatigue fixture that reproduces similar loading conditions than those of in-service life conditions is performed. Using a Multi-Stage Fatigue (MSF) model implemented in Abaqus, the fatigue life is evaluated on a PM automotive component, the main bearing cap (MBC), and results are compared to experimental fatigue tests.
jeudi 20 juin, 13h-14h, bâtiment M6.
Thomas Gomez (LMFL, Univ. Lille)
Analytical closure and helical turbulence
Since the first studies on turbulent flows, researchers’ attention has been drawn to helic- ity. Indeed, because the helicity is a non-viscous invariant of the 3D turbulent dynamics as well as energy or enstrophy in 2D, it is expected that its dynamics has a strong influence on inter-scales energy exchanges. Helical turbulence is also important because it corresponds to a first step towards more complex flows in which the homogeneous turbulence is no longer fully isotropic. This case denoted as skew-isotropic corresponds to a turbulence in which the mirror symmetry is broken. More recent results have shown that helicity is also involved in complex physical phenomena such as the dynamo effect in magnetohydrody- namics. After having defined the helicity and described its main properties, we will give an overview of the different models of analytical closure with special attention for the EDQNM model (Eddy Damped Quasi Normal Markonvian) introduced by Orszag in 1970 that we will use to illustrate the influence of helicity on the dynamics of free decaying turbulence.
jeudi 12 avril, bâtiment M6 à 12h45
Abdelghani Saouab (Laboratoire Ondes et Milieux Complexes, Université Le Havre Normandie)
Numerical Modeling and Simulation of Liquid Composites Molding Processes
For several years now, liquid composite molding (LCM) processes present a well‐established class of manufacturing technics for processing semi-structural and structural fiber-reinforced composite parts. These technics are widely used in many industrial domains and particularly in transportation (automotive, aeronautical, marine, etc.). Their principle is to inject or infuse a liquid within a fibrous preform, where the main objective is to reach a full impregnation as the liquid moves along between and inside the fiber bundles. The impregnation driving force is usually resulting from pressure gradient. During the LCM process, there is a strong coupling between the liquid flow, the preform compressibility, and the heat transfer between the liquid, the mold, and the fibrous medium. In this seminar, we will present our numerical modelling approach developed in this context, it concerns in particular the modeling of air bubble dynamics. In addition, a set of numerical and experimental results is presented to: validate the model, identify its parameters, and show some of its applications.
jeudi 15 mars, bâtiment M6 à 12h45
Wouter Bos (Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d’Acoustique, Lyon)
Recent experiments and simulations have shown that unsteady turbulent flows, before reaching a dynamic equilibrium state, display a universal behaviour. We show that the observed universal non-equilibrium scaling can be derived in a fairly simple manner. Given the universality of the experimental observations, the ideas presented here lay the foundation for the modeling of a wide class of unsteady turbulent flows and we show how engineering turbulence models (e.g. the k-epsilon model) can be modified to take this into account.
jeudi 15 février, salle d'Arsonval à Polytech à 13h
Moufid Mouwakeh (Department of Applied Mechanics, University of Aleppo, Syria)
Ductile Fracture of Cracked Pipes Using Limit Load Analysis
Using cracked pipes design codes and finite element (FE) analysis, limit load solutions of pipes containing surface cracks is determined. The study is performed on 5 pipes of different diameters with a constant crack length and depth. The crack geometry is semi-elliptical surface crack. The cracked pipes are subjected to internal pressures which are obtained from formulas of cracked pipes design codes. Due to ductile behavior of polyethylene pipes, failure occurs when the critical net stress reaches a value equal to ultimate tensile strength multiplied by constraint factor. Constraint factor is calculated and its evolution with pipe diameter is analyzed. Three different definitions of constraint factor based on global or local approach are also compared, so that a new failure criterion can be obtained. The new failure criterion enables us to predict the remaining life of the cracked pipes which allows programming the works of maintenance and replacement.
vendredi 15 décembre, Amphi Migeon à Polytech à 10h
Fouad Erchiqui (Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscaminque (UQAT), Canada)
Caractérisation, modélisation et optimisation en thermoformage
La simulation numérique des procédés de mise en forme des plastiques (thermoformage, moulage par soufflage, etc. ) nécessite une bonne connaissance, d’une part, du comportement des matériaux utilisés et, d’autre part, des intervalles en températures et en pressions (thermoformabilité) pour des applica! tions industrielles de ces matériaux en plasturgie. Ces matériaux sont souvent des polymères thermoplastiques (avec ou sans fibres) chauffés entre la température de transition vitreuse et de fusion pour être ensuite mis en forme. C’est dans ce contexte que la présentation est orientée et elle concerne trois volets : i) identification viscoélastique en grandes déformations des matériaux thermoplastiques (réseaux de neurones); ii) modélisation intégrée de thermoformage (étapes de chauffage infrarouge, de formage et de refroidissement) et iii) optimisation (métaheuristique).
jeudi 30 novembre, bâtiment M6 à 13h
Roney Thompson (Université Fédérale de Rio de Janeiro, Brésil)
Modeling thixotropic elasto-viscoplastic materials: ideas and challenges
There are examples of applied materials with high complexity that combine a diversity of aspects of material behavior. Recently, the scientific community started the endeavor to model these materials despite the fact that there are still unsolved problems in simpler materials. In this presentation we explore some ideas on modeling thixotropic elasto-viscoplastic materials and how a specific model in these lines perform in transient motions of free-surface problems. Challenges on developing even more generic models encompasses temperature dependency, better representation of microstructure, inclusion of non-viscometric data, transient experiments, transient microstructure evolution modeling, among others.
jeudi 9 novembre, bâtiment M6 à 13h
Louise Watremez (LOG, U. Lille)
Observation et modélisation géodynamique des structures extensives
Les plaques tectoniques sont considérées rigides et se déforment à leurs frontières. Il existe trois types de frontières de plaques tectoniques : les frontières convergentes (zones de subduction ou de collision continentale), les frontières coulissantes (failles décrochantes) et les frontières divergentes (rift continental ou océanique). L’étude de l’extension continentale est donc une des clés pour la compréhension des processus géodynamiques à grande échelle. Cette extension peut conduire à la formation (1) de grandes zones de lithosphère continentale amincie immergées dans lesquelles on retrouve notamment une grande partie des ressources pétrolières mondiales, voire (2) d'un nouvel océan. Cette étude, effectuée grâce à la combinaison de méthodes d’imagerie sismique à l’échelle de la croûte terrestre (~30 premiers kilomètres sous la surface) et de modélisation numérique thermomécanique à l’échelle de la lithosphère, permet de comprendre les processus entrant en jeu lors de la dislocation d’un continent ainsi que leur chronologie.